Such is the popularity of the puppet-playing tradition in Rajasthan that the name of Kathputli Dance itself evokes images of Rajasthan and its folklores. At that time this art was practiced by the Bhati community. After them, this art also practised by ruling families in the stateand it become famous in the region. According to a legend , Raja Vikramaditya of Ujjain was frightfully fond of puppets. His throne was chiseled with thirty two beautiful dolls. The first play was of thirty two puppets which portrayed the life and accomplishments of Vikramadity.
The successors of the man, who initially demonstrated the play, performed a few shows for the later royal families in this manner picking up much acknowledgment and laud. Kathputli puppets of Rajasthan is Carved from a single piece of wood. They are bright in colour and beautifully dressed. Large eyes with arched eyebrows and thin lips on an oval face are being specialized as an identity.
The costumes and head gears are designed in the medieval Rajasthani style of dress, which is prevalent today. The Kathputli are of two feet in height. Performance of Kathputli:. Rajasthan is culturally rich state and the kings of Rajasthan were very fond of Art and Creativity, the kings of Rajasthan mainly encouraged the kathputli artists. Puppetry in Rajasthan is hereditary profession as the skill puppetry is handed down to next generation.
Wednesday, 13 September Famous Puppeteers in India. Suresh Dutta Suresh Dutta is an Indian puppet artist, theatre personality and the founder of Calcutta Puppet Theatre, a Kolkata-based theatre group dedicated to puppetry. Born in , Faridpur,in undivided Bengal of the British India. He took a diploma in dance, drama and music,and received training in fine arts from the Albert League Temple Art School and College.
Then he moved to Russia, under a scholarship in , to train in puppetry master, Sergei Obraztsov. In , he founded his own puppet theatre group, Calcutta Puppet Theatre, along with his wife Devi, and few like-minded artists. The staged several shows ,beginning with the Alladin,followed by Ramayana , Sita, Gulabo aur Sitabo and natun Jeebon,totaling over shows.
He received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri,in ,for his contribution to Puppetry. Ranganath Rao. Rangatha Rao was a pioneering artist of Kannada puppetry.
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Ranganath Rao was born in He learnt the traditional art from his grandfather, Narasingha Rao, a professional puppeteer. He took up an employment as a school teacher. Later he quit his government teaching job to take up puppetry as a full time profession. Backed by an academic background in drama and theatre and it was natural for Ranganatha Rao to use puppets as a medium of expression to teach children in school, especially in schools of rural Karnataka. Rao specialises in rod puppetry. The rod puppet is the most difficult to manipulate because they are one of the largest puppets measuring three feet tall and weighing about 15 kilos.
The entire movement is controlled by two thin rods attached to the two hands of the puppet. Not only that, the feet movements have to be fluid, mingling with the characters of the story. Rao has built an expert team of performers and singers to make a wholesome mini theatre of rod puppets bound in the ethos of traditional folk music and culture.
Rao and his troupe toured around the country conducting shows, lecture demonstrations and workshops to prove that the rod puppet could be a wonderful medium of entertainment and education. In recognition of his work and contribution to rebuild the art form, the Sangeet Natak Academy conferred Rao with a national award in The Karnataka State Rajyotsva Award for and the Kamala Award from the Crafts Council of India this year speak volumes about his contribution to the field of puppetry.
He was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Pudumjee's puppetry is not restricted to the more common versions of string and hand-puppets. He has also used semi-sculptural puppets that are attached to actors' bodies and carried across stage. An accomplished artist in the rare skill of puppetry, Dadi Pudumjee is single handedly responsible for introducing Indian puppet theatre to the world.
With the intent to provide art that can change lives of society, he ran a successful program on HIV awareness and substance abuse in partnership with UNESCO by medium puppetry for communication. With his foundation, Ishara Puppet Theatre Trust, he wishes to strengthen the art, support and develop the traditional puppetry of India and broaden the aspect and use of puppetry as form of expression. Ramdas Pandhye.
Ramdas Pandhye is an Indian Ventriloquist, puppeteer and puppet-maker. In past four decades or so, he has conducted around ventriloquism and puppet shows India and abroad. His shows are regularly appear in Doordarshan since and he has also developed first Indian websites on ventriloquism and puppetry. He made many puppets on social relevant subjects like Family planning, Small Savings, Child Education etc. The genesis of puppetry in India is in folk theatre.
The term Sutradhar or Puppeteers commonly used in traditional theatre, referring to the narrator, literally means the holder of the stings. Puppeteers of a puppet play bring inanimate objects to life to make them perform and interpret scripts with the same degree of integrity as actors, they work with variety of different puppet and some puppeteers also make their own puppets.
Production of a puppet play can make enormous demands on the puppeteer. They are often required to cope with poor physical conditions, including working in strange position on, under or above the set, whilst also being able to operate a variety of puppets. They must be able to deliver scripted dialogue, in character, while coping with puppets that are frequently unwieldy. The Puppeteers are to found mostly in village fairs and festival in the winters.
Their art being of an itinerant nature, they carry the objects of their art with them, packed into boxes or folded and rolled into a cloth bag. While the rod and string puppeteers require a makeshift stage, a curtain to hide the manipulation and sometimes a backdrop, the fast disappearing glove puppet needs no such props and it is the dexterity and musically of the lone performer that holds its audience in thrall. A puppeteer should believe in his characters, always concentrate on his puppets and maintain an overall picture of balance and profession during the puppet show.
The presentation of puppet programs may involve the creative efforts of many people working together. A puppeteer must be able to contribute ideas to improve their own performance, in a creative and collaborative way, whilst also being able to take direction from members of the directing team. They must remember their exact positions and movements at any given time during the performance. Themes of the Puppet Shows in India. Puppetry is a mother of folk theatre. Since ages , puppetry has been one of the most popular source of entertainment in India.
Puppets shows are viewed and liked equally provides mirth to children and adults. It is the most sophisticated enactments with boundless possibilities for revolution creativeness. As folk theatre themes for puppets shows are mostly based on epics and legends and were part of oral tradition. Also stories like Panchatantra tales, Hitopadesh ,moral stories, local myths and legends, the stories from Vikram and Betal are the themes of puppets shows.
The prime objective of puppet shows is to form communication, for entertainment and create awareness while catering to the religious sentiments and educational needs of the audience. Traditional puppet show theme has always been embedded in the cultural and religious ethos of the regions where they originated. Imbibing elements from painting, sculpture, dance, songs,secular theme of folklore.
The end result was a vibrant layered form, where puppet could talk, dance, sing, play, fight and fly. Music is customarily used live, thus effecting immediate rapport with the audience. At present the theme of India Puppet theatre is also satire and farcical comedies became quite an important theme in articulating the socio-political set up of India. The presentation of these themes for puppet shows involves the creative collaboration of many people working together for example- the author of the theme, the puppeteer, the musician and instrumentalists. Friday, 8 September Different types of puppets found in India.
India as homeland of puppetry,has four types of traditional puppets. Traditional puppets derive their repertoire, costume and music from the folk theatre of the particular region. The presentation of puppet programs involves the creative art of many people working together. They are differentiated based on different ways of manipulation of puppets. The four types of puppets are India has a rich and ancient tradition of string puppets or marionettes.
String puppets or marionettes is a figure with many joints and suspended by string from a control. String puppet operates from above. In this form of puppetry, strings are held by the hands of the puppeteers. Strings puppets are made of wood, or wire, or cloth stuffed with cotton, rags on saw dust. These puppets have joined limbs and arms controlled by strings allow far greater flexibility and are therefore the most articulate of the puppets.
The puppet is manipulated by operating the control as well as by loosening or pulling the relevant string s. Shadow Puppets. When the audience watches the shadow of puppet and not the real one, it is called Shadow Puppet. It can be black and white or in colour. The flat figures usually made of leather, are lightly pressed on a transparent screen with a strong source of light behind.
6 Ways to Make Puppets - wikiHow
The screen thus forms the barrier between the audience and the puppet, creating the projection of image. The impact on the audience, surrounding by darkness all around is quiet dramatic. The puppets are stuck vertically to cane or bamboo sticks and the puppeteers skillfully do manipulation and handling. Shadow puppets are known by different names in different states in India. The size of the puppets, the colour and materials used slightly varies from one region to the other.
Glove Puppets. As the name indicates Glove Puppets are mostly made of cloth and are worn on the hand by the puppeteers and they use their finger and thumb acts as hand of the puppets and the index finger acts as the head. Glove puppets are small in size having head and arms wearing a long skirt as its dress. One puppeteer can perform with two puppets at a time. The tradition of glove puppets in India is popular in Kerala, West Bengal, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh and generally performed in open air. It uses the storyline, costume and music of Katakali dance form.
The songs are interspersed with bawdy jokes and humour. Rod Puppets. Rod puppets are an extension of glove puppets but often larger and supported from below. These puppets have mostly three joints, the heads, supported by the main rod, is joined at the neck and both hands attached to rods or costume of the puppet.
Rod puppets are seen in West Bengal, Odisha and Bihar today. Rod puppets in west Bengal is known as Dan-ger Putul Naach , costume, theme and music are all taken from the Jatra of Bengal. The rod puppet of Odisha is called is called Kathi Kundhei, also follow the Jatra tradition of Odisha. The easy part is that puppets come in all shapes and sizes and you can't really mess it up.
Beni Putul or the Glove Puppetry: A Performing Tool for Resistance to Colonialism
The major points to cover are indentations for the eye sockets, a bulge for a nose, and removing the lower jaw if you want it to talk. If you do want it to talk, leave a space for your hand to go into! Cover your puppet head with fleece. Start at the middle of the face and work your way out, hot gluing as you go along. Spray adhesive also works, but it's a bit harder to work with.
Readjust and stretch as you glue, keeping the fleece tight against the styrofoam. Get deep into the indentations like the eye sockets and keep it secure, like skin would naturally be. You can either have the nose be part of same material as the head, stick it onto the styrofoam ball, or cover it in fleece and then add it to the face.
One way is not better than any other. Add on the facial features. Bottle caps can be used for eyes, but so can beads, puff balls, or anything you can find wandering through your local craft supply store. As far as the lower jaw goes, if you removed it, cover it in fleece and hot glue just the very edges to the head. The styrofoam jaw should still be able to move -- just the fleece should be hot glued and attached.
Depending on the size of your puppet, it could be donning a full-fledged wig or hat on its head. Neither of those available? Throw on a hoodie! Problem solved. Add felt eyebrows and ears, if desired. Every puppet is different, so if yours doesn't have something, it won't be cause for alarm. Give it some clothes. A naked puppet is, for some reason, sufficiently awkward. Grab something you never want to wear again and glue the top to the "neck" of your puppet for this reason, you may want to employ a scarf or turtleneck.
To give the puppet a body, simply stuff the shirt with newspaper or some type of foam or quilt batting. Stay away from short sleeves so you don't have to deal with making arms. Make a hand for your puppet. Since one is probably operating the face, make at least one hand movable to give your puppet even more life. All you need to do is trace your hand on a piece of felt, cut it out twice, and sew them together inside out, to hide the seam.
Leave just short of an inch 2 cm around all sides of your hand to give yourself some wiggle room. To have a four-fingered puppet including the thumb , just keep your index finger and ring finger together as you trace. Place your hand in it and through the sleeve of your puppet. Now your puppet talks and can gesture! Move over Achmed. Method 5. Gather your materials. Get a paper bag, googly eyes, construction paper, wool, markers, and glue or tape. Glue the eyes onto the bag. If you don't have googly eyes, you can cut out eyes from the construction paper, making tiny black pupils and gluing them onto larger white circles.
Regular glue will work just fine for this -- you don't need to use the stronger stuff. Glue the mouth onto the bag. Cut a little red mouth out of the construction paper and glue it in place. Glue the hair onto the bag. Now, either use strips of construction paper or wool onto the top of the paper bag. Wait for it to dry. Draw the nose. Use a black marker to draw a nose on the paper bag in between the eyes and the mouth.
Play with your puppet. Once you've made face and everything is ready to go, you can play with your puppet! Method 6. Make a stage.
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To make a basic stage, cover a table with a tablecloth that comes down to the floor. The table needs to be high enough that your children or you can easily kneel behind it without being seen. Design the background.
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Paint a mural onto a large piece of cardboard and hang it from the wall behind you. The mural can be a setting park, beach, etc or just the name of the show in large letters. But remember, a sign should be put on the front of the tablecloth announcing what the show is. If you're doing this, the name of the show is not necessary in the mural. Make a few props for your puppets to work with, too. In a couple of minutes, you can whip up a tree, a rock, some flowers, or whatever might be found in your puppet show setting.
Put on your show. What's your opening music? Are you doing it improv style or will there be lines? Is there a moral to your story, or just for fun? If you're working with children, make sure each gets a turn at their favorite puppets -- each child will inevitably have one. Use a cardboard box or just a normal shoe box. Decorate it with cloths for side curtains. Yes No. Not Helpful 16 Helpful There are many ways to make origami. He is a very good instructor, and can teach you how to make very hard things very simply.
Look at a book on making puppets or find one at your local bookstore or library.
Not Helpful 20 Helpful Give it a scary face! Make it have sharp teeth and angry pointed eyebrows. Make its eyes wide open and maybe even a little bloodshot. Not Helpful 4 Helpful 7. Can I use a sandwich bag instead of a paper bag for the paper bag puppets? Not really, because sandwich bags are difficult to draw on, and they are clear, so everyone would see your hand inside, which is distracting and defeats the entire purpose of a puppet.
Not Helpful 8 Helpful Yes, they can, though you might want to stick the pencil in the opposite direction so that you are holding the flat side of the pencil instead of the sharp side. Not Helpful 12 Helpful Follow the instructions above, but use hot glue and a thicker material than felt. Not Helpful 5 Helpful 5. Not Helpful 7 Helpful 3. If you want a puppet that has a moving mouth, I would suggest the Muppet puppet or the sock puppet. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Unanswered Questions. How do I make the table for the puppet theater?
Answer this question Flag as Flag as Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Tips Follow through with your participation in the show. Get an audience for your children to perform to. The more you commit, the more fun you'll have. Be creative with your puppet. Make it realistic, goofy, even a puppy! Warnings Don't let children work with the hot glue gun! A truer title would be a very, very, very hot glue gun. They might hurt themselves. Things You'll Need.
Edit Related wikiHows. Article Summary X To quickly and easily make puppets, trace a character onto a piece of paper or cardstock. Did this summary help you?