The A1C goal for many people with diabetes is below 7. It may be different for you. Ask what your goal should be. If your blood pressure gets too high, it makes your heart work too hard. It can cause a heart attack, stroke, and damage your kidneys and eyes.
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It can cause a heart attack or stroke. Ask what your cholesterol numbers should be. Your goals may be different from other people. If you are over 40 years of age, you may need to take a statin drug for heart health. It is common to feel overwhelmed, sad, or angry when you are living with diabetes.
You may know the steps you should take to stay healthy, but have trouble sticking with your plan over time. This section has tips on how to cope with your diabetes, eat well, and be active. See your health care team at least twice a year to find and treat any problems early.
If you have Medicare, check to see how your plan covers diabetes care. Medicare covers some of the costs for:. Ask your health care team about these and other tests you may need. Ask what your results mean. Write down the date and time of your next visit. Use the card at the back of this booklet to keep a record of your diabetes care. If you have Medicare, check your plan.
Herbal and Natural Remedies for Diabetes
Then, write down the date and results for each test or check-up you get. Take this card with you on your health care visits. Show it to your health care team. Talk about your goals and how you are doing. This card has three sections. Each section tells you when to check your blood sugar: before each meal, 1 to 2 hours after each meal, and at bedtime.
Each time you check your blood sugar, write down the date, time, and results. They may be different if you have other health problems like heart disease, or your blood sugar often gets too low.
Type 2 Diabetes: How Is It Treated?
The U. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings through its clearinghouses and education programs to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Actions you can take The marks in this booklet show actions you can take to manage your diabetes.
Step 1: Learn about diabetes. What is diabetes? There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes — Your body does not make insulin. This is a problem because you need insulin to take the sugar glucose from the foods you eat and turn it into energy for your body. You need to take insulin every day to live.
Type 2 diabetes — Your body does not make or use insulin well. You may need to take pills or insulin to help control your diabetes. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. Gestational jest-TAY-shun-al diabetes — Some women get this kind of diabetes when they are pregnant. Most of the time, it goes away after the baby is born.
But even if it goes away, these women and their children have a greater chance of getting diabetes later in life. You are the most important member of your health care team. Some others who can help are: dentist diabetes doctor diabetes educator dietitian eye doctor foot doctor friends and family mental health counselor nurse nurse practitioner pharmacist social worker How to learn more about diabetes. Take classes to learn more about living with diabetes. To find a class, check with your health care team, hospital, or area health clinic.
You can also search online. Join a support group — in-person or online — to get peer support with managing your diabetes. Read about diabetes online. Go to National Diabetes Education Program.
Herbal and Natural Therapies
Take diabetes seriously. Why take care of your diabetes? When your blood sugar glucose is close to normal, you are likely to: have more energy be less tired and thirsty need to pass urine less often heal better have fewer skin or bladder infections You will also have less chance of having health problems caused by diabetes such as: heart attack or stroke eye problems that can lead to trouble seeing or going blind pain, tingling, or numbness in your hands and feet, also called nerve damage kidney problems that can cause your kidneys to stop working teeth and gum problems Actions you can take Ask your health care team what type of diabetes you have.
Step 2: Know your diabetes ABCs. A for the A1C test A-one-C. What is it? Why is it important? What is the A1C goal? B for Blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the wall of your blood vessels. What is the blood pressure goal? Actions you can take Ask your health care team: what your A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol numbers are and what they should be. Your ABC goals will depend on how long you have had diabetes, other health problems, and how hard your diabetes is to manage. Step 3: Learn how to live with diabetes.
Cope with your diabetes. Stress can raise your blood sugar. Learn ways to lower your stress. Try deep breathing, gardening, taking a walk, meditating, working on your hobby, or listening to your favorite music. Ask for help if you feel down.
Sign up for the Joslin Newsletter. Your body produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a vital hormone that helps your body convert food into energy. Without insulin, you would die. If you have type 2 diabetes, the answer to this question is much less clear. Many people can keep their blood glucose in a healthy range without medications either oral diabetes medications or insulin injections if they lose weight and keep their weight down, are regularly physically active, and follow a meal plan that helps them keep portion sizes under control and helps them spread the amount of carbohydrate they eat at each meal throughout the day.
Eventually, however, many people with type 2 diabetes find that despite their best efforts, weight control, exercise and diet aren't enough to keep their blood glucose in a healthy range. This is not unusual.